New insights into the reduction systems of plastidial thioredoxins point out the unique properties of thioredoxin z from Arabidopsis - Université de Perpignan Via Domitia Access content directly
Journal Articles Journal of Experimental Botany Year : 2012

New insights into the reduction systems of plastidial thioredoxins point out the unique properties of thioredoxin z from Arabidopsis

Abstract

In plants, thioredoxins (TRX) constitute a large protein disulphide oxidoreductase family comprising 10 plastidial members in Arabidopsis thaliana and subdivided in five types. The f- and m-types regulate enzymes involved mainly in carbon metabolism whereas the x, y, and z types have an antioxidant function. The reduction of TRXm and f in chloroplasts is performed in the light by ferredoxin:thioredoxin reductase (FTR) that uses photosynthetically reduced ferredoxin (Fd) as a reductant. The reduction system of Arabidopsis TRXx, y, and z has never been demonstrated. Recently, a gene encoding an atypical plastidial NADPH-dependent TRX reductase (NTRC) was found. In the present study, gene expression analysis revealed that both reductases are expressed in all organs of Arabidopsis and could potentially serve as electron donors to plastidial TRX. This ability was tested in vitro either with purified NTRC in presence of NADPH or with a light-driven reconstituted system comprising thylakoids and purified Fd and FTR. The results demonstrate that FTR reduces the x and y TRX isoforms but not the recently identified TRXz. Moreover, the results show that NTRC cannot be an efficient alternative reducing system, neither for TRXz nor for the other plastidial TRX. The data reveal that TRXf, m, x, and y, known as redox regulators in the chloroplast, have also the ability to reduce TRXz in vitro. Overall, the present study points out the unique properties of TRXz among plastidial TRX.
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Dates and versions

hal-02118559 , version 1 (28-11-2023)

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Anne-Sophie Bohrer, Vincent Massot, Gilles Innocenti, Jean-Philippe Reichheld, Emmanuelle Issakidis-Bourguet, et al.. New insights into the reduction systems of plastidial thioredoxins point out the unique properties of thioredoxin z from Arabidopsis. Journal of Experimental Botany, 2012, 63 (18), pp.6315-6323. ⟨10.1093/jxb/ers283⟩. ⟨hal-02118559⟩
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