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Journal Articles Nature Year : 2020

Global status and conservation potential of reef sharks

M. Aaron Macneil , Demian Chapman , Michelle Heupel , Colin Simpfendorfer , Michael Heithaus , Mark Meekan , Euan Harvey , Jordan Goetze , Jeremy Kiszka , Mark Bond , Leanne Currey-Randall , Conrad Speed , C. Samantha Sherman , Matthew Rees , Vinay Udyawer , Kathryn Flowers , Gina Clementi , Jasmine Valentin-Albanese , Taylor Gorham , M. Shiham Adam , Khadeeja Ali , Fabián Pina-Amargós , Jorge Angulo-Valdés , Jacob Asher , Laura García Barcia , Océane Beaufort , Cecilie Benjamin , Anthony Bernard , Michael Berumen , Stacy Bierwagen , Erika Bonnema , Rosalind Bown , Darcy Bradley , Edd Brooks , J. Jed Brown , Dayne Buddo , Patrick Burke , Camila Cáceres , Diego Cardeñosa , Jeffrey Carrier , Jennifer Caselle , Venkatesh Charloo , Thomas Claverie , Eric Clua (1, 2) , Jesse Cochran , Neil Cook , Jessica Cramp , Brooke D’alberto , Martin de Graaf , Mareike Dornhege , Andy Estep , Lanya Fanovich , Naomi Farabaugh , Daniel Fernando , Anna Flam , Camilla Floros , Virginia Fourqurean , Ricardo Garla , Kirk Gastrich , Lachlan George , Rory Graham , Tristan Guttridge , Royale Hardenstine , Stephen Heck , Aaron Henderson , Heidi Hertler , Robert Hueter , Mohini Johnson , Stacy Jupiter , Devanshi Kasana , Steven Kessel , Benedict Kiilu , Taratu Kirata , Baraka Kuguru , Fabian Kyne , Tim Langlois , Elodie Lédée , Steve Lindfield , Andrea Luna-Acosta , Jade Maggs , B. Mabel Manjaji-Matsumoto , Andrea Marshall , Philip Matich , Erin Mccombs , Dianne Mclean , Llewelyn Meggs , Stephen Moore , Sushmita Mukherji , Ryan Murray , Muslimin Kaimuddin , Stephen Newman , Josep Nogués , Clay Obota (3) , Owen O’shea , Kennedy Osuka , Yannis Papastamatiou , Nishan Perera , Bradley Peterson , Alessandro Ponzo , Andhika Prasetyo , L. Quamar , Jessica Quinlan , Alexei Ruiz-Abierno , Enric Sala , Melita Samoilys , Michelle Schärer-Umpierre , Audrey Schlaff , Nikola Simpson , Adam Smith , Lauren Sparks , Akshay Tanna , Rubén Torres , Michael Travers , Maurits van Zinnicq Bergmann , Laurent Vigliola , Juney Ward , Alexandra Watts , Colin Wen , Elizabeth Whitman , Aaron Wirsing , Aljoscha Wothke , Esteban Zarza-Gonzâlez , Joshua Cinner (4)
M. Aaron Macneil
Demian Chapman
  • Function : Author
Michelle Heupel
  • Function : Author
Colin Simpfendorfer
Michael Heithaus
  • Function : Author
Mark Meekan
  • Function : Author
Euan Harvey
Jordan Goetze
  • Function : Author
Jeremy Kiszka
  • Function : Author
Mark Bond
  • Function : Author
Leanne Currey-Randall
  • Function : Author
Conrad Speed
  • Function : Author
C. Samantha Sherman
  • Function : Author
Matthew Rees
  • Function : Author
Vinay Udyawer
  • Function : Author
Kathryn Flowers
  • Function : Author
Gina Clementi
  • Function : Author
Jasmine Valentin-Albanese
  • Function : Author
Taylor Gorham
  • Function : Author
M. Shiham Adam
  • Function : Author
Khadeeja Ali
  • Function : Author
Fabián Pina-Amargós
  • Function : Author
Jorge Angulo-Valdés
  • Function : Author
Jacob Asher
  • Function : Author
Laura García Barcia
  • Function : Author
Océane Beaufort
  • Function : Author
Cecilie Benjamin
  • Function : Author
Anthony Bernard
  • Function : Author
Michael Berumen
  • Function : Author
Stacy Bierwagen
  • Function : Author
Erika Bonnema
  • Function : Author
Rosalind Bown
  • Function : Author
Darcy Bradley
  • Function : Author
Edd Brooks
  • Function : Author
J. Jed Brown
  • Function : Author
Dayne Buddo
  • Function : Author
Patrick Burke
  • Function : Author
Camila Cáceres
  • Function : Author
Diego Cardeñosa
  • Function : Author
Jeffrey Carrier
  • Function : Author
Jennifer Caselle
  • Function : Author
Venkatesh Charloo
  • Function : Author
Thomas Claverie
Jesse Cochran
  • Function : Author
Neil Cook
Jessica Cramp
  • Function : Author
Brooke D’alberto
  • Function : Author
Martin de Graaf
  • Function : Author
Mareike Dornhege
  • Function : Author
Andy Estep
  • Function : Author
Lanya Fanovich
  • Function : Author
Naomi Farabaugh
  • Function : Author
Daniel Fernando
  • Function : Author
Anna Flam
  • Function : Author
Camilla Floros
  • Function : Author
Virginia Fourqurean
  • Function : Author
Ricardo Garla
  • Function : Author
Kirk Gastrich
  • Function : Author
Lachlan George
  • Function : Author
Rory Graham
  • Function : Author
Tristan Guttridge
  • Function : Author
Royale Hardenstine
  • Function : Author
Stephen Heck
  • Function : Author
Aaron Henderson
  • Function : Author
Heidi Hertler
  • Function : Author
Robert Hueter
  • Function : Author
Mohini Johnson
  • Function : Author
Stacy Jupiter
  • Function : Author
Devanshi Kasana
  • Function : Author
Steven Kessel
  • Function : Author
Benedict Kiilu
  • Function : Author
Taratu Kirata
  • Function : Author
Baraka Kuguru
  • Function : Author
Fabian Kyne
  • Function : Author
Tim Langlois
  • Function : Author
Elodie Lédée
  • Function : Author
Steve Lindfield
  • Function : Author
Andrea Luna-Acosta
  • Function : Author
Jade Maggs
  • Function : Author
B. Mabel Manjaji-Matsumoto
  • Function : Author
Andrea Marshall
  • Function : Author
Philip Matich
  • Function : Author
Erin Mccombs
  • Function : Author
Dianne Mclean
  • Function : Author
Llewelyn Meggs
  • Function : Author
Stephen Moore
  • Function : Author
Sushmita Mukherji
  • Function : Author
Ryan Murray
  • Function : Author
Muslimin Kaimuddin
  • Function : Author
Stephen Newman
  • Function : Author
Josep Nogués
  • Function : Author
Owen O’shea
  • Function : Author
Kennedy Osuka
  • Function : Author
Yannis Papastamatiou
  • Function : Author
Nishan Perera
  • Function : Author
Bradley Peterson
  • Function : Author
Alessandro Ponzo
  • Function : Author
Andhika Prasetyo
  • Function : Author
L. Quamar
  • Function : Author
Jessica Quinlan
  • Function : Author
Alexei Ruiz-Abierno
  • Function : Author
Enric Sala
  • Function : Author
Melita Samoilys
  • Function : Author
Michelle Schärer-Umpierre
  • Function : Author
Audrey Schlaff
  • Function : Author
Nikola Simpson
  • Function : Author
Adam Smith
  • Function : Author
Lauren Sparks
  • Function : Author
Akshay Tanna
  • Function : Author
Rubén Torres
  • Function : Author
Michael Travers
  • Function : Author
Maurits van Zinnicq Bergmann
  • Function : Author
Laurent Vigliola
Juney Ward
  • Function : Author
Alexandra Watts
  • Function : Author
Colin Wen
  • Function : Author
Elizabeth Whitman
  • Function : Author
Aaron Wirsing
  • Function : Author
Aljoscha Wothke
  • Function : Author
Esteban Zarza-Gonzâlez
  • Function : Author

Abstract

Decades of overexploitation have devastated shark populations, leaving considerable doubt as to their ecological status1,2. Yet much of what is known about sharks has been inferred from catch records in industrial fisheries, whereas far less information is available about sharks that live in coastal habitats3. Here we address this knowledge gap using data from more than 15,000 standardized baited remote underwater video stations that were deployed on 371 reefs in 58 nations to estimate the conservation status of reef sharks globally. Our results reveal the profound impact that fishing has had on reef shark populations: we observed no sharks on almost 20% of the surveyed reefs. Reef sharks were almost completely absent from reefs in several nations, and shark depletion was strongly related to socio-economic conditions such as the size and proximity of the nearest market, poor governance and the density of the human population. However, opportunities for the conservation of reef sharks remain: shark sanctuaries, closed areas, catch limits and an absence of gillnets and longlines were associated with a substantially higher relative abundance of reef sharks. These results reveal several policy pathways for the restoration and management of reef shark populations, from direct top-down management of fishing to indirect improvement of governance conditions. Reef shark populations will only have a high chance of recovery by engaging key socio-economic aspects of tropical fisheries.

Dates and versions

hal-02978312 , version 1 (26-10-2020)

Identifiers

Cite

M. Aaron Macneil, Demian Chapman, Michelle Heupel, Colin Simpfendorfer, Michael Heithaus, et al.. Global status and conservation potential of reef sharks. Nature, 2020, 583 (7818), pp.801-806. ⟨10.1038/s41586-020-2519-y⟩. ⟨hal-02978312⟩
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