Thiol-mediated redox regulation of DICER-LIKE RNaseIII and small RNA metabolism - Université de Perpignan Via Domitia Access content directly
Conference Papers Year : 2021

Thiol-mediated redox regulation of DICER-LIKE RNaseIII and small RNA metabolism

Abstract

Environmental constraints have major impacts on living organisms. Plants, as other species, develop various panels of mechanisms to cope with the effects of these stresses on growth and survival. Redox homeostasis is among the key players of cellular metabolism and cell responses to environmental constraints. It is sensitive to environmental changes and can signal these changes to response pathways, for example by modifying redox status of thiols residues in proteins. In eukaryotic cells, small RNAs (siRNA and miRNA) are major regulators for gene expression, involved in most developmental and stress response processes. The biogenesis of small RNAs is orchestrated by RNaseIII endonuclease enzymes called DICER-LIKE (DCL) and RNASE THREE-LIKE (RTL), which maturate almost all classes of double-stranded RNA precursors. We have showed that the RNaseIII activity of DCL and RTL family members in Arabidopsis thaliana depends on the oxidation state of specific cysteine thiols. Interestingly, the four DCL and the three RTL that carry dsRBD share a conserved cysteine (C230 in Arabidopsis RTL1) in their dsRBD. C230 is essential for RTL1 and DCL1 activities and is subjected to posttranscriptional modification. Indeed, under oxidizing conditions, glutathionylation of C230 inhibits RTL1 cleavage activity in a reversible manner involving glutaredoxins. Moreover, through whole-genome analyses, we showed that the repertoire of small RNA changes with the redox environment of the cell, suggesting that redox regulation of RNaseIII endonuclease enzymes might signal environmental changes to regulate small RNAs metabolism. We conclude that the redox state of the dsRBD ensures a fine-tune regulation of dsRNA processing by plant RNase III that might relay environmental signals to gene expression regulation.
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Dates and versions

hal-03853499 , version 1 (13-04-2023)

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Cyril Charbonnel, Adnan Khan Niazi, Emilie Elvira-Matelot, Matthias Zytnicki, Anne de Bures, et al.. Thiol-mediated redox regulation of DICER-LIKE RNaseIII and small RNA metabolism. SFRR-E 2021 annual meeting “Redox Biology in the 21st Century: A New Scientific Discipline”, Jun 2021, Belgrade, Serbia. pp.S61-S62, ⟨10.1016/j.freeradbiomed.2021.08.051⟩. ⟨hal-03853499⟩
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