Xenobennettella coralliensis a new monoraphid diatom genus characterized by the alveolate sternum valve with cavum, observed from coral reef habitats - Université de Perpignan Via Domitia Access content directly
Journal Articles PeerJ Year : 2022

Xenobennettella coralliensis a new monoraphid diatom genus characterized by the alveolate sternum valve with cavum, observed from coral reef habitats

Abstract

During a survey of benthic diatoms from the coral reefs of the Indian Ocean (Scattered Islands) and Pacific Ocean (Tuamotu Archipelago), an interesting monoraphid diatom was observed and examined by light microscopy and various electron microscopy methods including Focus Ion Beam milling. Our thorough analysis revealed the similarity of this diatom to Bennettella R.W.Holmes, which we reference in the name: Xenobennettella Witkowski & Riaux-Gobin gen. nov., with Xenobennettella coralliensis Witkowski & Riaux-Gobin sp. nov. as the generitype. The type habitat for this new species is the sublittoral coral reef of Juan de Nova in the Mozambique Channel. The sternum valve of the new genus is characterized by an alveolate ultrastructure with the rim of the alveola opening along the valve margin, resembling the sternum valve of Bennettella . Internally, Xenobennettella differs from the latter by possessing a cavum (horseshoe-shaped chamber) on one side of the valve, in a central axial position. The raphe valve of Xenobennettella has small, marginal, apically elongate chambers, which are internally delineated by transapical ribs that are very similar to Bennettella . However, the raphe in the new genus is different from the latter, resembling some Cocconeis and Planothidium with internal raphe endings bent in the opposite direction, while resembling some Planothidium taxa externally by ending on the apical part of the mantle. This contrasts to Bennettella , which has a unique raphe system, with external raphe endings below the apices, a prominent axial structure and a transapically expanded central area. Likewise, the external surface of Bennettella is different from that of the new genus with a complex mantle structure and biseriate striae. In Xenobennettella , the valve mantle of the raphe valve is simple and perforated by areola. The transapical striae occur in the valve margin and the axial area is ornamented along its course with a single row of densely packed areola on both sides. The characteristics of the raphe valve and alveolate sternum valve place the new genus among the Achnanthidiaceae.
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hal-04002549 , version 1 (23-02-2023)

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Andrzej Witkowski, Catherine Riaux-Gobin, Adrian Kryk, Tomasz Płociński, Izabela Zgłobicka, et al.. Xenobennettella coralliensis a new monoraphid diatom genus characterized by the alveolate sternum valve with cavum, observed from coral reef habitats. PeerJ, 2022, 10, pp.e13977. ⟨10.7717/peerj.13977⟩. ⟨hal-04002549⟩
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